Breast Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction is surgery to rebuild a breast’s shape after a mastectomy. It cannot give a woman back her breast – a reconstructed breast does not have natural sensations. However, the surgery offers a result that looks like a breast. Most women who had breast reconstruction are glad they did.

In breast reconstruction, a surgeon forms a breast mound by using an implant or tissues from the belly, back or buttocks. Implants are silicone sacs filled with salt water or silicone gel.

The type of reconstruction you get depends on your body type, age and cancer treatment.

Breast reconstruction takes more than one surgery. Extra steps may include:

  • Adding a nipple
  • Changing the shape or size of the reconstructed breast
  • Operating on the opposite breast for a better match


After a mastectomy, some women choose to have cosmetic surgery to remake their breast. This type of surgery is called breast reconstruction. During breast reconstruction therapy using natural tissue, the breast is reshaped using muscle, skin, and fat from another part of your body.

 This surgery can be performed at the same time as mastectomy or later.

The two most common methods of breast reconstruction are transverse rectus abdominous muscle flap (TRAM) and latissimus muscle flap with a breast implant. For both of these procedures, you will have general anesthesia (asleep and pain-free).

Types of breast reconstruction

Breast reconstruction can be performed using implants, a woman’s own tissue, or a combination of both. It is also possible to use tissue from the remaining breast (breast sharing reconstruction).;;